Skin Types

ABOUT SKIN TYPES

SKIN TYPES

are factors inherent to your skin, inherited from your genes and modified by lifestyle and environmental factors.

4 MACROSCOPIC PROPERTIES

Knowing your skin type will give you guidelines for what factors to use or avoid in caring for your skin.

YOUR SKIN TYPE CAN CHANGE

While skin type describes properties inherent to your skin, those properties can change over time, interactively with many factors including:

AGE

DIET

LIFESTYLE

ENVIRONMENT

Skinalytics is developing a tool to help you select optimal skin care at every stage and to avoid adverse skin reactions.

Take the skin assessment now and when you experience a change to better care for your skin.

THERE'S MORE TO YOUR SKIN

How your skin responds to skin care products (such as when a reaction or sensitivity develops) may depend on the bacteria, fungi, and viruses and their environment on your skin, also known as the skin microbiome.

Skinalytics wants to make skin care selection safer and easier and to truly personalize it by incorporating your skin properties, product reaction histories, and skin microbiome information in our skin care product selection algorithm.

Help us by joining our Skinalytics Skin Care Community and take our skin type test.

THE 4 SKIN PROPERTIES

HYDRATION

Depending on its hydration, the feeling and macroscopic appearance of the skin can vary.

OILY SKIN appears shiny and has a tendency to develop acne.

DRY SKIN feels tight, rough, and itchy and appears flaky (ashy for dark skin tones).

COMBINATION SKIN has areas that are oily (typically in the T-zone: forehead, nose, chin) and dry (cheeks, jawbone)

How oily or dry your skin appears depends on (1) the outer layer of skin that helps the skin retain moisture and (2) oil production of the skin. These two factors can depend on your genetics but are also affected by environmental factors. You can learn more by taking our Skin Type Test.

Learn how to balance your skin for your skin type.

RESISTANCE

Some people are inherently more resistant to external factors like the weather or chemicals than others.

RESISTANT SKIN is resistant to the external factors

SENSITIVE SKIN is reactive and can become sensitized or inflamed when the skin barrier is impaired

Macroscopically, resistant skin appears normal, but sensitive skin is prone to inflammation, initially appearing pink or red or purplish for darker skin tones. Sensitive skin can feel hot or sting. There are four sensitive skin subtypes, each with unique skin care needs.

Find out how to handle sensitive skin.

PIGMENTATION

Pigmentation refers to developing unwanted pigmented spots or patches, independent of racial/ethnic skin color.

PIGMENTED SKIN develops unwanted pigmented spots or patches usually due to a trigger

NON-PIGMENTED SKIN does not develop pigmented spots or patches

Dark spots may be in the form of brown or gray patches, sun spots, freckles, birthmarks, moles, or keratoses (a brown, black or light tan growth on the face, chest, shoulders or back). These are usually a result of sun exposure and a lack of sun protection.

Find tools to minimize spots and prevent new ones.

FIRMNESS

Firmness refers to the propensity of skin to be wrinkled or smooth.

WRINKLY SKIN is when the skin is less tight and more prone to wrinkles

SMOOTH SKIN is when the skin is more tight and less prone to wrinkles

While it is age-related, it is affected by intrinsic factors such as genetics or by extrinsic factors such as smoking, pollution, poor nutrition, and sun exposure.

Start your assessment now to learn about your skin type

PUTTING IT TOGETHER

The combination of these four macroscopic features of the skin are interactively associated with development of other skin features (e.g. acne, sun spots, etc.) and associated with responses to skin care products and ingredients. Understanding your skin type can help with knowing what aspects of skin care you should focus on and why your skin may react to a certain product.